With it’s growing economy (seventh largest in the world) and upcoming sporting events, Brazil is currently seen as a very successful country with an ever growing popularity, this is also evident by the growing number of companies currently investing in the country, one of the success stories of the last few years has been the growth of award winning Anglo-Brazilian property developer EcoHouse Group who invested heavily in the countries social housing programme, Now the country has turned its attention to renewable energy sources.
For some years now the world has been increasingly concerned about petroleum. Growing political volatility in some parts of the globe, increasing difficulty in extracting oil, indeed ‘Peak Oil’ fears themselves have all contributed to the worries about this vital fluid. After all, so much of transport and industry depends on it. It’s estimated that about half of all the oil that was ever produced by nature is still in the ground. The problem is that the half we still ‘have’ in reserves is the less-accessible half. The basic problem
But there are alternatives and the universal dependency can be challenged. Renewable energy sources have their uses but even so they are limited and in some cases (e.g. nuclear) face problems that scare some people. The problem is what to do next?
A major option in some countries (including Brazil) is vegetable-derived fuel oil, usually called ethanol. Of course the stuff has been around for decades but only recently has it become a really major player on the Brazilian fuel scene. In fact, the country’s ethanol industry is respected throughout the world for its scale, its quality of product and the general sustainability of the industry.
In Brazil, most ethanol is extracted from sugar cane grown in the country, so it is a domestically sourced and assured product. Statistics show that Brazil now produces 25% of all world ethanol used as fuel and production is now running at over 20 billion litres per year. This puts the country in second place in the world (behind the United States) but it is rapidly progressing towards the first place.
Government legislation insists that a certain minimum percentage of ethanol (combined with gasoline) is used in vehicle fuel in the country. Currently the figure is around 25% but this figure is adjusted from time to time to take account of occasional seasonal shortages. There is a growing number of cars and other vehicles which are designed and built nowadays to be able to use any combination of the two basic fluids. The first model capable of using only non-carbon fuel was the Brazilian Fiat 147, first produced in 1979.
Usually the various blends available on the market have names that show the percentage content of ethanol; E22, E25, E100 (pure ethanol) and so on. Well over 95% of new vehicles produced in Brazil are designed as ‘flexible fuel’ consumers.
You can learn more about the economy and investment opportunities in Brazil by visiting the website below.
Information Supplied by EcoHouse Group Developments Limited, UK, Brazil, Canada, China, Asia
Written by A Emery B.A, M.Ed., Cert.Ed